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Meeting the health requirements for Australia

Australia enjoys some of the best health standards in the world. To maintain these standards, most visa applicants must meet minimum health standards before they will be granted a visa. This is called  ‘meeting the health requirement’. 

You and family members who apply for a visa with you might need to have health examinations to prove you meet the health requirement.

You might need to have more health examinations if you come from a country where there are public health concerns such as polio or Ebola Virus Disease (EVD). 

Permanent and provisional visa applicants

You and any family members applying for the visa with you must have health examinations.

In some circumstances, family members who are not coming to Australia with you might also need to have health examinations.

Temporary visa applicants

You and any family members applying for a visa with you might need to have health examinations.

Whether you need them, and what examinations you need, depends on:

  • the visa you are applying for
  • how long you plan to stay in Australia
  • what you plan to do in Australia
  • the country you apply from
  • any special circumstances that might apply to you
  • whether you have any significant medical conditions

You had health examinations in the last 12 months

You might not need to have all the health examinations again if you had any in the last 12 months. Your referral letter will tell you what examinations you need to take.

Before you apply for a visa (My Health Declarations)

It can take several weeks to assess your health and you may be asked to have more health examinations depending on our assessment. 

You might avoid delay by completing your health examinations before you apply for a visa through My Health Declarations (MHD). 

MHD is a free service, but you must pay for any health examinations you have. You can include any family members you will include in your visa application when you use MHD.

Your health examination results are generally only valid for a maximum of 12 months. If you have your health examinations before you apply for a visa that takes more than 6 months to process and there is a delay in processing your application, you might need to have more health examinations. You will have to pay to have the examinations again. 

Permanent and provisional visa applicants

Generally, permanent and provisional visa applicants need to have these health examinations.

AgeTests required
Under 2 years
  • medical examination
2 or more but under 11 years
  • medical examination
  • TB Screening test – either Tuberculin Skin Test (TST) or Interferon-Gamma Release Assay (IGRA) if you are from a higher risk country for tuberculosis or are applying for a refugee or humanitarian type visa
11 or more but under 15 years
  • medical examination
  • chest x-ray
15 or more years
  • medical examination
  • chest x-ray
  • HIV test

More tests

In some situations you might need to have more tests.

SituationAdditional tests required
You are 15 years old or older and intend to work as (or study to be) a doctor, dentist, nurse or paramedic
  • hepatitis B and C test
You are 15 years old or older and applying for an onshore protection visa
  • hepatitis B and C tests
  • syphilis test
You are 15 years old or older and applying for a refugee visa
  • syphilis test
  • tests that address your specific health risks
You are pregnant and plan to have your baby in Australia
  • hepatitis B test
You are a child for adoption or a child in the care of an Australian state or territory government welfare authority
  • hepatitis B test
  • HIV test

You might need further tests if we identify a health condition when you have your initial health examination or during the visa application process.


Temporary visa applicants

The examinations you need depend on:

  • what visa you are applying for
  • how long you plan to stay in Australia
  • what level of tuberculosis risk we think your country poses
  • whether we think your health is of special significance, based on what you plan to do in Australia
  • any special circumstances 
  • whether any significant medical conditions were found when you were examined or during the visa application process

Generally, temporary visa applicants need to have these tests:

Country risk levelYour stay will be less than 6 monthsYour stay will be 6 months or more
Low risk
  • no health examinations needed unless special significance applies
  • no health examinations needed unless special significance applies
High risk
  • no health examinations needed unless special circumstances apply
  • medical examination
  • chest x-ray (if aged 11 years or over)

If you have been in Australia in the last 28 days, we include any time you have already spent in Australia when we work out your length of stay for health requirement purposes.

Additional tests

In some situations, you might also need to have these tests.

SituationAdditional tests required
You are from a country with a higher risk of TB and likely to enter a healthcare or hospital environment
  • chest x-ray examination (if aged 11 or over) and a medical examination
You are pregnant and intend to have the baby in Australia
  • hepatitis B test
You intend to work as (or study to be) a doctor, dentist, nurse or paramedic
  • chest x-ray
  • medical examinations
  • HIV
  • hepatitis B and C tests
You are likely to work (or be a trainee) at an Australian childcare centre (including preschools and creches)
  • chest x-ray
  • medical examination
You are aged 75 years or older and applying for a Visitor visa (subclass 600)
  • medical examination

When you attend the panel clinic they will ask you whether you plan to apply for a permanent stay in the next 6 to 12 months. If yes, they will ask if you want to be assessed for permanent stay. You will have to have more examinations if you do. You will have to pay for the extra examinations.

 

In Australia

Arrange your health examinations with our migration medical services provider, Bupa Medical Visa Services.

Book your examinations online at Bupa Medical Visa Services.

Call 1300 794 919 to arrange your health examinations if:

  • you do not have internet access, or
  • you need to arrange a Carer visa assessment, or
  • you need to arrange a fitness to depart or travel assessment

Outside Australia

You must be examined by one of the Department’s approved panel physicians or clinics.

A panel physician is a doctor or radiologist appointed by the department to do health examinations outside Australia at an approved clinic.

See how to contact a panel physician by finding the immigration office nearest to you.

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